ODS Phase-out in India

The Government of India has taken several initiatives and measures to phase out ODS. Some major actions and achievements of the Government, during 1993-1997, are given below:

Regulatory measures

Trade in ODS with Non-Parties was banned. Disposal of old equipment in an ozone-friendly way was mandated in legal agreements that were to be signed for the implementation of approved projects. Annexe A and B substances were brought under the ambit of licensing for purposes of imports and exports. Exports of these substances to non-Article 5 countries was banned. All exports of CFCs to Article 5 countries were to have the label "New produced CFCs". Comprehensive regulations on ODS phase-out are under development. The first round of discussions has taken place with Ministry of Law, industry, NGOs, etc. The first round of consultations with other government departments are ongoing.

Fiscal measures

The government decided in January 1995 to fully exempt from payment of customs and excise duties all capital goods required to implement ODS phase-out projects funded by the Multilateral Fund (MLF). This benefit was later extended for all MLF-eligible projects and items of recurring use, whether or not MLF assistance was requested/available at the time of implementation of the ODS phase-out project. Indian financial institutions decided in April 1995 to stop financing/refinancing new ODS producing and/or consuming enterprises. The Government of India has exempted companies making new investments in non-ODS technologies from paying customs and excise duties with effect from March 01, 1997.

Status of ODS phase-out projects under the Multilateral Standards for issuing Eco-mark

The governments has formulated a scheme on labelling of environment-friendly products called Eco-mark. Final notifications under this scheme for aerosol products, television sets and refrigerators have been issued. Aerosol products will not be eligible for Eco-mark label if any ODS has been used as propellant. Similarly, ODS should not have been used as blowing agent and as refrigerant in the manufacture of refrigerators. Also, CFCs and other aromatic halogenated hydrocarbons should not have been used for cleaning purposes during the manufacture of television sets.

Data on the production, import and export of Halon-1211 and Halon 1301

(Annexe A substances)

The average of production plus import minus export for 1995, 1996 and 1997 is going to decide the base-level consumption. Data for the year 1995 is given below.

Jan-Dec              Halon  Halon   Total
1995                    1211   1301     
Total Production        77.0   1       78   
New Imports             15.6   5       20.6 
New Exports             32.0           32
(Source: Government of India, Ministry of
 Environment & Forests, Ozone Cell, March 1997)

Progress in implementation of country programme in 1996

Background Information

Country:  India
Date country programme was approved : November 1993.
National focal point for country programme implementation : Ozone Cell of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
Lead implementing agency for country programme preparation : UNDP.
Planned date of complete phase-out of ODS : Annex A - 2010 and Annex B - 2010.
Total consumption of ODS at the time of approval of country programme : 13,111 ODP tonnes in 1991.
Funds approved to date for activities in the country programme : US$30.4 million for 106 activities.
Funds disbursed to enterprises/institutions in the country to date : US$12,601,864.

Phase-out activities

Major ODS consuming sectors as per the country programme (1991 data in ODP tonnes):

a)   RAC                1,990     
b)   Foams              1,576     
c)   Solvent            4,795     
d)   Aerosols           1,100     
e)   Fire extinguishing 3,650     
     Total             13,111

Number of activities in the country programme for which funds are required and budgeted in the country programme : US$1,964 million for all sectors. Number of activities developed and submitted to the Executive Committee for approval and funding (including deferred and/or unapproved project): 26. Number of activities for which funds have been approved : 38 (including 12 activities submitted in 1995). Number of activities for which funds have been received in the country: 38. Number of activities currently under preparation : about 52. The date the ozone protection unit became operational : June 22, 1993 (the date of signing of document of implementation of Institutional Strengthening Project). Expected date of review of country programme : regulations are under development.

Status of ODS phase-out projects under the Multilateral Fund

               Number             Amount              Project impact         
                      approved (US$)  disbursed (US$)   (ODP tonnes)         
Approvals         106     30,396,249                           2,949
Completed          17      4,932,515        4,448,572            735
Ongoing            89     25,463,734        8,153,292          2,214

Approved investment projects for India

The 22nd ExCom of the Multilateral Fund held in Nairobi from May 28 to 30, 1997 decided to approve the following investment project proposal from India for the amounts indicated (Decision 22/37).

(UNDP: United Nations Development Programme; IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development)

Sectors        Project Title                          Agency             Funds Approved (US$)                   Cost
                                                                Project         Support         Total   

Filling plant
 My Fair Lady aerosol conversion, Delhi                 IBRD    113,975         14,817          128,792         1.91
 Aerol Formulations aerosol conversion                  UNDP    069,450         09,029          078,479         2.24
 Texas Enterprises aerosolconversion, Bombay            UNDP    070,000         09,100          079,100         2.24
 Ultra Tech Specialty Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. aerosol 
 conversion                                             UNDP    070,000         09,100          079,100         2.27
 Accra Pack India Pvt. Ltd. aerosol conversion          IBRD    129,690         16,860          146,550         2.49
 Stella Industries aerosol conversion                   IBRD    269,175         34,993          304,168         2.56
 Aeropres aerosol conversion, Vapi                      IBRD    146,860         19,092          165,952         2.94
 Aero Pack Products aerosol conversion                  UNDP    069,450         09,029          078,479         3.40
 Asian Aerosols Pvt. Ltd. aerosol conversion            UNDP    090,890         11,816          102,706         3.63
 Aerosols D'Asia Pvt. Ltd. aerosol conversion           UNDP    069,450         09,029          078,479         3.86
 Attarwala & Co. Pvt. Ltd. aerosol conversion, Bombay   IBRD    134,250         17,453          151,703         4.37
 Aero Industries aerosol conversion, Vapi               IBRD    121,735         15,826          137,561         4.39
 Meenakshi aerosol and cosmetics conversion, Delhi      UNDP    98,940          12,862          111,802         4.40
 Elimination of CFCs in the                             UNDP    385,000         50,050          435,050
 manufacture of rigid polyurethane
 foam chemical systems at
 Polymeramann (Asia) Pvt. Ltd.
 Elimination of CFCs in the                             UNDP    1,404,000       182,520         1,586,520       4.84
 manufacture of rigid polyurethane
 foam in small and medium-sized
 enterprises (SMEs)
 Elimination of CFCs in the                             UNDP    284,000         36,920          320,920         7.26
 manufacture of rigid PU foam
 insulation at Super Urethane
 Products Pvt. Ltd.
 Elimination of CFCs in the                             UNDP    132,000         17,160          149,160         7.51
 manufacture of rigid PU foam
 insulation at Blowkings

 Elimination of  CFCs in the                            UNDP    085,000         11,050          096,050         7.64
 manufacture of rigid PU foam
 insulation at Delta Foams Engineering Co.

This article is excerpted from VATIS update, May-June 1997 Vol. 4 No. 22, published by the Asia Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology for the ozone Cell, MoEF