The Ministry of Environment & Forests is working closely with the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas to explore possibilities for the introduction of fuel (diesel and petrol) additives. These fuel additives will lead to emission reduction as well as fuel economy in vehicles. As these fuel additives would give dual benefit to economy and emission reduction, consumers would not go in for spurious additives which do more harm than good to their vehicles as well as the environment.
Over the past few years the Ministry of Environment & Forests has been taking a number of initiatives to reduce pollution levels in the major metropolitan cities of the country. These include the introduction of low-lead petrol of 0.15 grams per litre of petrol in the four major cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai from June 1994. This was further introduced throughout the country from December 1996.
The next major initiative was the introduction of unleaded petrol (petrol with a lead content of less than 0.013 grams per litre) from April 01, 1995 in the four major cities for four wheel petrol vehicles fitted with caralytic converters. From June 01, 1998 other capitals of states and union territories and other major cities were included.
From September 01, 1998 all retail outlets in Delhi began supplying only unleaded petrol. From April 01, 2000 the entire country will be covered.
Similarly in the case of diesel, low sulphur diesel (diesel with a sulphur content of 0.5 per cent) began to be supplied in Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai and the Taj Trapezium from April 01, 1996. From September 01, 1996 the sulphur content in the Taj Trapezium was reduced to 0.25 per cent. From August 15, 1997 sulphur content of 0.25 per cent in diesel was introduced in Delhi. From April 01 this year diesel with sulphur content of 0.25 per cent will be introduced throughout the country.
The Ministry of Environment & Forests has released about Rs 500 crores between 1995-96 and 1977- 98 for about 26 environment protection schemes or projects. State Pollution Control Boards have been set up in 25 states and six Pollution Control Committees have been set up in the union territories.
Major steps taken for the protection of the environment from industrial pollution
Steps taken for protection of the environment from vehicular pollution
Steps taken for protection of the environment in Delhi
Other measures for protection of the environment