India is singularly fortunate in her rich fauna and flora. Both these forms of nature - as they occur in India - whether it be in their beauty and splendour, their richness and variety, or their forms and uses, would stand comparison favourably with those in any other part of the world. But unfortunately, during the last half century, the strength of our wildlife has been rapidly on the decrease, very much due to the deterioration in maintaining a proper balance between man and his environment.
With a view to preserve the fauna of India, particularly to take urgent steps to prevent extinction of any species, the Government of India established an Indian Board of Wild Life (IBWL) in 1952. The Board has since been doing pioneering work to arouse public consciousness in favour of wildlife preservation.
From time immemorial, our wildlife has been closely associated with our legendary beliefs and our folk lores, with our epics and our history. Our lives would be very much poorer without these varied forms that build up the balance of nature. Preservation of wildlife need not and does not mean the blind perpetuation of all species and without any limit on numbers. Wildlife preservation in fact implies active and planned wildlife management under which all forms of life would progress side by side with human progress, each in its own sphere of influence and utility and without any detriment to human interests. In fact, it is with this end in view that wildlife sanctuaries and national parks have been established and developed in suitable localities all over the country.
Therefore, in order to arouse a general awakening in the common man in favour of protection of wildlife, the IBWL decided to observe the Wildlife Week from October 2 - 8 every year.